Financial Briefs

More Articles  Printer Friendly Version


Bull Or Bear Market? Plan Both Ways

In the past, the stock market has gone up, the stock market has gone down. Sometimes the swings can be dramatic. But no one knows what actually will happen next, and the best thing you can do is to plan for all possibilities. You also can learn from stock market history, while recognizing that past performance is not a guarantee of future results.

The stock market is known as a leading economic indicator — that is, it tends to rise or fall in advance of economic gains or losses. That's what happened when a notorious bear market bottomed out in March 2009. Finally, several months later, the U.S. economy, too, moved into positive territory, although the recovery has been painfully slow by historical standards. But during most bull markets, the economy is strong and unemployment low. Consumers feel relatively confident, and their outlays help fuel economic growth. And because times are good, people usually are more than willing to take the risk of owning stocks.

Conversely, worries about the economy may make investors sell their stocks, and that drop in demand can lead to a bear market. Usually, prices will begin rising again after a fall of 40% or so. But in a particularly bad bear market, such as during the Great Depression, that percentage can be significantly higher. As the economy sputters and unemployment rises, investors shy away from taking risks in the market.

The best strategy to use in a bull market is to try to gauge sector and broad market trends and invest wisely. Just don't be tempted into thinking you can time the market better than anyone else.

It's a little trickier during a bear market, but there are some options. For instance, you might consider "selling short" -- borrowing stock you don't own, selling it, and waiting for the price to drop. Then if you're able to buy back the stock at a lower price, you'll profit. U.S. Treasury Bonds also may be a sound investment when stock prices fall, in part because of demand by U.S. and foreign investors looking for a safer place to put their money. You also may decide to invest in defensive stocks, such as those of utilities, which usually don't fluctuate much in times of uncertainty.

But the main thing to learn from stock market history is that you have a better chance of succeeding by maintaining a long-term approach. Over time, the stock market bounces back from bear markets, and it's advisable to not buy or sell stock just because the market is bullish or bearish. Being informed and methodical will serve you better than selling stocks in a panic or trying to jump on a bandwagon.

Email this article to a friend

It's Hard To Beat The Annual Gift Tax Exclusion For Ease
"New and Improved" QSBS Tax Break
If Estate Tax Repeal Is Enacted Soon, Will It Stick?
Avoid This Installment Sale Trap
Tax Reform Outlook: Cloudy, With A Chance Of A Law
Federal Estate Tax Reduced, But What About State Taxes?
Convert To A Roth IRA Now To Avoid Higher Taxes Later?
Using RMDs To Buy Life Insurance
New Opportunity For Stand-Alone HRAs
5 'Other' Retirement Saving Ideas
Tax Rules For Collectible Donations
What Are The Main Items On Trump's Tax Reform Agenda?
New Study Says U.S. Tax System Is Among Worst In The World
Pay The Toll On Roth Conversion?
Giving Stock To Your Kids An Easy, Tax-Efficient Way

This article was written by a professional financial journalist for Investment Advisory Group, LLC and is not intended as legal or investment advice.

©2019 Advisor Products Inc. All Rights Reserved.